As a consultant I often switch perspective between the whole and its parts, or from within/from outside, or top/bottom. Changing viewpoint helps to see limitations and opens up for creativity.

With a system-orientated approach I find it easier to understand and work with the development processes in the organization viewed as human system. The challenge for the organization is to develop its capacity to integrate its differences and different stakeholder views, in order for a shared sense of purpose and direction to emerge.

The bicycle model (above) is another way of looking at the organization as a system. 

The front wheel symbolizes, with its direction, the strategic choice; the back wheel, with its complex gears, represents the structure and processes of the organisation. On the saddle the cyclist sits using his hands to keep steering in the right direction and with his feet he provides power to the pedals and gears to keep enough speed. 

Together the three parts are combined into a solid whole – the business, the technique and the human – which needs to co-operate in order to reach the destination. Like any organization.